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Tema: Pozari u Dalmaciji

  1. #41
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    October 2017 Iberian wildfires
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    October 2017 Iberian wildfires
    Portugal wildfires on 8 October 2017.jpg
    Satellite image depicting smoke from wildfires in Portugal and northwestern Spain on 8 October.
    Statistics
    Total fires 7,980
    Total area 133,437 acres (54,000 ha)
    Cost Unknown
    Date(s) 13–18 October 2017
    Deaths 49 (45 in Portugal and 4 in Spain)
    Non-fatal injuries 91
    The October 2017 Iberian wildfires were a series of more than 7,900 forest fires affecting Northern Portugal and Northwestern Spain between 13 and 18 October. The wildfires claimed the lives of at least 49 individuals, including 45 in Portugal and four in Spain, and dozens more were injured.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

    The first fires started on or before 13 October in Galicia. The Prime Minister of Spain Mariano Rajoy and Jorge Gomes, Portugal's secretary of state of internal administration, believed most of the fires were lit by arsonists.[8] By 15 October 2017 winds increased, due in part to Hurricane Ophelia passing between the Azores and the peninsula, which helped fan wildfires in both Portugal and Spain.

    In Portugal, on its worst day, firefighters battled over 440 fires.[9] The country sought assistance from European neighbours and Morocco. The Portuguese Minister of Internal Administration Constança Urbano de Sousa, who resigned as a consequence, said "We have all our firefighters out there doing everything they can".[citation needed]

    Meteorological aftermath in Europe
    The arrival of Ophelia brought Saharan dust to parts of the United Kingdom, giving the sky an orange or yellow-sepia appearance, and the sun a red or orange appearance.[10] A strange 'burning' smell was also reported across Devon, also attributed to the dust, and smoke from forest fires in Portugal and Spain.[11] Winds up to 115 km/h (71 mph) were observed in Orlock Head, County Down, at the height of the storm. Approximately 50,000 households lost power in Northern Ireland. Insurance claims from Northern Ireland, Wales, and Scotland are estimated to reach Ł5–10 million (US$6.6–13.2 million).[12]

    In Tallinn, Estonia, a black rain occurred due to the fact that Ophelia brought smoke and soot of fires to Estonia from Portugal, as well as dust from the Sahara Desert, Report informs citing the Estonian media. "We looked at photos from satellites and the Finnish weather service confirmed that the smoke and soot of the fires in Portugal and partly the dust from the Sahara reached us," meteorologist Taimi Paljak said.[13--https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/October_2017_Iberian_wildfires

    Znači ovo su bili požari u listopadu, i to na sjeveru Španjolske i Portugala, ne na Mediteranu nego na atlantskoj obali Španjolske koja inače ima puno blažu klimu nego Mediteran

  2. #42
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    Na požare se moramo pripremiti, ovi požari u Grčkoj, Španjolskoj, Portugalu odnijeli su stotine života, kod nas sva sreća još nisu bili tako katastrofalni , ali ekstremne suše, nedostatak padalina i vrućine dovode do toga da će požari biti sve češći i mnogo smrtonosniji i ekološki katastrofalniji nego do sada, vidili smo požare ove godine i u Sibiru a u Kaliforniji su lani ili preklani također odnili stotine života.

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    The Camp Fire was the deadliest and most destructive wildfire in California's history,[11] and the most expensive natural disaster in the world in 2018 in terms of insured losses.[12][13][3]

    Named after Camp Creek Road, its place of origin,[14] the fire started on Thursday, November 8, 2018, in Northern California's Butte County. Ignited by a faulty electric transmission line, the fire originated above several communities and an east wind drove the fire downhill through developed areas. After exhibiting extreme fire spread, fireline intensity, and spotting behaviors through the rural community of Concow, an urban firestorm formed in the foothill town of Paradise.[15][16][17][18] Drought was a factor: Paradise, which typically sees five inches of autumn rain by November 12, had only received one-seventh of an inch by that date in 2018. With the arrival of the first winter rainstorm of the season, the fire reached 100 percent containment after seventeen days on November 25.[19][20][21]

    Only 2-3 major pathways exist for traffic going up and down the mountains in Butte County, so in times of mass evacuation, all roads are down only which severely hinder the speed and timing of response teams going up the mountain. None of the routes in Butte County have anything to prevent infrared heat from roasting the evacuees on the way down or rescuers on the way up. Cal Fire Aerial Fire Fighting Headquarters for Northern California is at Chico Airport. Many of Cal Fire’s airplanes, helicopters, and Hell Jumpers were conveniently located in close proximity to the Camp Fire, but they were unable to contain the fire on their own due to the conditions. The Woolsey Fire and Hill Fire started on the same day near Los Angeles in similar conditions. Fire breaks, control burns, and fire codes in the areas around Los Angeles helped Cal Fire contain these fires more easily with significantly less deaths and destruction than the Camp Fire.

    The Camp Fire caused at least 85 civilian fatalities, with one person still missing as of August 2, 2019,[8] and injured 12 civilians and five firefighters. It covered an area of 153,336 acres (620.5 km2; 239.6 sq mi), and destroyed more than 18,000 structures, with most of the destruction occurring within the first four hours.[6] The towns of Paradise and Concow were almost completely destroyed, each losing about 95% of their structures. The towns of Magalia and Butte Creek Canyon were also largely destroyed.[22] By January 2019, the total damage was estimated at $16.5 billion; one-quarter of the damage, $4 billion, was not insured.[a][3][23] The Camp Fire also cost over $150 million in fire suppression costs,[5] bringing the total cost of the fire to $16.65 billion.

    The same month, Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E), the utility company responsible for the faulty power line, filed for bankruptcy, citing expected wildfire liabilities of $30 billion.[2] On December 6, 2019, the utility made a settlement offer of $13.5 billion for the wildfire victims; the offer covered several devastating fires caused by the utility, including the Camp Fire.[24][25] On June 16, 2020, the utility pleaded guilty to 84 counts of involuntary manslaughter.[26]

    The Camp Fire is the deadliest wildfire in the United States since the Cloquet fire in 1918, and ranks number 13 on the list of the world's deadliest wildfires; it is the sixth-deadliest U.S. wildfire overall.[27]

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_Fire_(2018)

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